Kenyatta University Teaching, Referral and Research Hospital is offering breast reconstruction surgery for those who have undergone mastectomy or lumpectomy as part of their breast cancer treatment. 

According to Doctor Sarah Nyakiongora, a plastic surgeon in KUTRRH, breast reconstruction surgery is a vital option. The breast reconstruction practice is crucial in Kenyatta University Teaching, Referral and Research Hospital because it has one of the largest cancer care centers in Kenya,  therefore, the surgical technique is needed.This surgical procedure aims to restore the shape and appearance of the breast, helping patients regain their confidence and sense of normalcy. 

There are primarily two types of breast reconstruction: implant-based reconstruction and flap reconstruction. Implant-based reconstruction involves inserting a silicone or saline implant to recreate the breast mound. Flap reconstruction uses tissue transplanted from another part of the patient’s body, such as the abdomen, back, or thighs, to reconstruct the breast. 

The timing and approach to breast reconstruction can vary. Some patients opt for immediate reconstruction, which is performed simultaneously with the mastectomy. This offers the advantage of waking up with a breast shape after the mastectomy, which is beneficial for emotional and psychological recovery. Others choose delayed reconstruction, allowing time for additional cancer treatments such as radiation therapy before undergoing reconstruction 

One of the primary benefits of breast reconstruction surgery is the restoration of the breast’s shape. For instance, this helps women feel more balanced and symmetrical.  

Restoring the breast has a profound positive impact on a woman’s psychological well-being and self-esteem. Many women report feeling more confident and complete after reconstruction. 


With reconstruction, there is no longer a need to wear external prostheses. This can be more comfortable and convenient for many women, reducing the daily reminder of their cancer experience. 

However, all types of reconstruction will result in some scarring on the breast and possibly other body areas where tissue might be sourced for flap procedures (such as the abdomen, back, or thighs). Again, the timing of reconstruction can impact cancer treatment. Immediate reconstruction might complicate post-surgery treatments like radiation, while delayed reconstruction means living without a breast shape for some time. 

Women considering this surgery should have thorough discussions with their healthcare providers to fully understand the benefits and risks so as to make an informed decision that best suits their personal needs and circumstances. 

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